Trafficking and sexual exploitation, UNICEF

Full report on:

Trafficking is a violation of fundamental rights.

Some facts:

  • UNICEF estimates that 1,000 to 1,500 Guatemalan babies and children are trafficked each year for adoption by couples in North America and Europe.
  • Girls as young as 13 (mainly from Asia and Eastern Europe) are trafficked as “mail-order brides.” In most cases these girls and women are powerless and isolated and at great risk of violence.
  • Large numbers of children are being trafficked in West and Central Africa, mainly for domestic work but also for sexual exploitation and to work in shops or on farms. Nearly 90 per cent of these trafficked domestic workers are girls.
  • Children from Togo, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana are trafficked to Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Cameroon and Gabon. Children are trafficked both in and out of Benin and Nigeria. Some children are sent as far away as the Middle East and Europe.

Sexual exploitation

  • Surveys indicate that 30 to 35 per cent of all sex workers in the Mekong sub-region of Southeast Asia are between 12 and 17 years of age.
  • Mexico’s social service agency reports that there are more than 16,000 children engaged in prostitution, with tourist destinations being among those areas with the highest number.
  • In Lithuania, 20 to 50 percent of prostitutes are believed to be minors. Children as young as age 11 are known to work as prostitutes. Children from children’s homes, some 10 to 12 years old, have been used to make pornographic movies.

Human Trafficking

Current research shows that Trafficking in women and children is a key element in supplying the sex industry, which makes a profit exceeding £ 12 billion annually.

In a 2005 report, the International Labour Organisation estimated that 72% of those exploited – 360 000 people – are sexually exploited. In transition countries, of which 210 000 people affected, 95% are in sexual exploitation.

Porn on the Internet

Studies indicate that 25 percent of children between the ages of 10 and 13 are being exposed to pornography on the Internet! (Herald and News, Klamath Falls, Oreg., February 15 2005).

Sexually abused children

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children states that one out of every five girls and one out of every 10 boys in the U.S. will be sexually exploited before they reach 18 years of age!

According to one report commissioned by the U.S. Department of Education in compliance with the 2002 “No Child Left Behind” act, between 6 and 10 percent of public school children have been sexually abused or harassed by school employees or teachers.

The Center for Behavioral Intervention in Oregon explains that contrary to popular belief, only 25 to 30 percent of child molesters were themselves molested as children.

Yet 76 percent of adult child molesters began offending before they were 14.